Translator

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Biochar rice research in Indonesia

Biochar as a carrier for Nitrogen plant Nutrition: 3. Effect of EnrichedBiochar on Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Yield and Soil Qualities 

 W. H. Utomo 1) , T. Islami 2) and, E. Wisnubroto 3) and H. T. Soelistyari 3) 
1) International Research Centre for Management of Degraded and Mining Land, University Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. 
2) Research Centre for Tubers and Root Crops, University Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia, 
3) University Tribhuwana Tunggadewi, Malang, Indonesia. 

Abstract 
"A lot of studies have proven that biochar is a good soil amendment. With its high Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), it was hypothesized that biochar can be used as the carrier of nitrogen plant nutrient. A study was conducted to investigated the effect of nitrogen enriched biochar on the growth of rice (Oriza sativa L.). The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse with the treatment of enriched biochar (2 enriched materials and 2 types of biochar feedstuffs), and the rice was planted on several soil acidity. There was 21 treatments combination which arranged in a Fully Randomized Design with 3 replications. Measurements were done for rice growth, rice yield, and some soil chemical properties, i.e. soil organic carbon and nitrogen content, soil pH, and Cation Exchange Capacity. The experimental results show that biochar was a good carrier for nitrogen plant nutrition. The growth and yield of rice planted in enriched biochar soil was as good as the rice growing in urea treated soil, even it had a higher yield. Nitrogen enriched biochar increased the fertilizer efficiency. Ammonium is a better enriched material for biochar than nitrate. "

Monday, 13 November 2017

What is your biochar story?

​Let's get regional biochar news stories some international air...

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: tmiles@trmiles.com [biochar] <biochar@yahoogroups.com>
Date: 13 November 2017 at 03:26
Subject: [biochar] What is your biochar story? Help IBI help you, through Networking, Education, and Demonstration
To: biochar@yahoogroups.com

What is your biochar story? How are you using biochar and what have you learned about how to use it (and, how not to use it) with your crops and soils. How do you measure “success” with biochar? Share your story and IBI will help you find solutions.

The directors of the International Biochar Initiative will meet in Nanjing, China, next week to plan our activities for 2018. We welcome your suggestions. In the past year we have had a very productive series of newsletters, webinars, a study tour, and exchanges here and on other social media. We have supported international conferences and regional efforts in Africa, Asia, the Pacific, and the Americas. We thank the businesses, NGOs, students, and professionals who have joined IBI to help with our goals to use biochar to improve soil health, food security, clean water, the environment, and climate resilience. We promote the use of safe, stable, and sustainable biochar through Networking, Education, and Demonstration. We have a new “All Star” Science Committee that will provide periodic reviews of research to members. We have ideas about webinars, study tours, demonstrations, online courses, biochar “solutioneering” teams to address specific issues, and improved  characterization, standards, and certification. IBI is managed by a small staff and volunteers. It is funded by members and donors. In the short term we need funds to improve our delivery and exchange of information through the website and social media. Join IBI and help us help you. http://www.biochar-international.org/join

Thursday, 9 November 2017

Bioenergy Byproduct to Soil Savior @BiomassMagazine

Bioenergy Byproduct to Soil Savior @BiomassMagazine: Production and sale of biochar at biomass-using plants can result in significant financial gains, but the industry is still working at building its myriad of potential markets.


This article is a nice lead in for 7Dec webinar (see below).

Saturday, 4 November 2017

Free Webinar for biochar businesses


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: tmiles@trmiles.com [biochar] 
Date: 2 November 2017 at 22:59
Subject: [biochar] Boosting Bottom Lines with Biochar
To: biochar@yahoogroups.com




FREE WEBINAR
Thursday, December 7, 2017 | 2:00 PM CST
http://www.biomassmagazine.com/webinar/btn-RegisterNow-Blue.gif
Boosting Bottom Lines with Biochar


http://www.biomassmagazine.com/webinar/EMA-sponsor-140x100-100417.gif
Presenters:

Moderator:
Anna Simet

Biomass
Magazine
Tom Miles
International Biochar Initiative
Jim Brown
Karr Group
Jonah Levine
Confluence Energy, Biochar Solutions Inc.

The buzz about biochar is getting louder, and as global market demand increases, bioenergy producers may have opportunities to capitalize. Join Biomass Magazine’s Dec. 7 webinar for an expert discussion about biochar properties, uses and market drivers, technology, how pellet or bioenergy producers can diversify offerings and add value to operations, and more.


Tom Miles
International Biochar Initiative
Biochar-international.org
Logo160.

U.S. Biochar Initiative
"Promoting the Sustainable Production and Use of Biochar"
@USbiochar
USBI Logo - Copy (420x176) 

Monday, 30 October 2017

The Great Change: Acceleration

The Great Change: Acceleration: " We need to get to above-the-line climate solutions with the same urgency as beach communities spying an approaching tsunami. " ...

I've got Albert's blog listed in my blogger list.... always a highly entertaining and enlightening read.
This post is also an important read for those interested in biochar & climate change...

Tuesday, 24 October 2017

Biochar as a Building Material | Mechanical Engineering

Biochar as a Building Material | Mechanical Engineering

Speaker: 
Dr. Kua Harn Wei
Associate Professor and Assistant Dean (Academic)
School of Design and Environment
National University of Singapore
About: 
A by-product of pyrolysis of biomass, biochar has been widely studied as a type of soil enhancement and even a replacement of carbon nanotubes in a wide range of applications, including as capacitors and sensors.

The Smart Materials Laboratory of the Department of Building, National University of Singapore, has been working on producing and studying a wide variety of sustainable building materials that utilize biochar as a key ingredient. For example, increase in strength and decrease in water absorption of mortar and concrete have been achieved by adding up to 2% wt of biochar that is produced from mixed wood wastes. Current efforts include the use of food waste as a viable feedstock for biochar that is used to enhance the performance of mortar, as well as using biochar as a mean of immobilizing special species of microbes that are capable of self-healing of cracks in concrete.

The aim of this seminar is to trigger more conversation and thinking on using biochar in a wider range of building materials and technology, including the use of biochar in additive manufacturing of building components.

Friday, 20 October 2017

IBI Webinar: Anaerobic Digestion and Biochar

Register Now for the IBI Webinar:
Synergies Between Anaerobic Digestion & Biochar
October 30, 2017 3:30-5:00 pm EDT
Research has shown that there are many synergies to be found integrating pyrolysis and gasification with anaerobic digestion (AD) systems. Carbonizing the anaerobic digested fibers could be a viable way to create adsorbent for the removal of soluble phosphorous from Anaerobic digesters effluents. Using biochar in the AD substrate can boost not only the quantity but the quality of the methane (CH4) produced. It can also reduce the H2S generated during the AD process thereby reducing wear and tear on equipment.

In the webinar we will discuss the possibilities to integrate acidic biochars with dissolved air flotation systems for ammonia removal. The focus of this webinar is on pyrolysis and gasification, two technologies that are capable of converting the digested fibers into a bio-char, and that can be integrated with AD. During the presentation Dr. Garcia-Perez will also discuss some of the potential uses of these chars in anaerobic digestion systems.

Cost? Free to IBI Members or $40 for non-members
When?
Date: October 30, 2017
Time: 3:30 - 5:00 pm EDT

To Register:

Registration includes access to the slides and a recording of the webinar.

IBI Members register here (go to the upcoming webinars section). Your event link will be emailed to you after successful confirmation about your membership status. *** Link will be working soon – we are experiencing some difficulties with updating the IBI website.

Non-IBI members register here.
Dr. Manuel Garcia-Perez
Washington State University
Dr. Manuel Garcia-Perez is an Adjunct Professor at Washington State University’ Chemical Engineering and BioEngineering Department. His focus is on biomass thermochemical conversion (torrefaction, pyrolysis, gasification and combustion); development and testing of new bio-oil refineries to produce advanced bio-fuels and bio-chemicals; environmental impact of thermochemical processes research addresses the environmental burden associated with the world’s declining petroleum resources.
http://myemail.constantcontact.com/IBI-Webinar-Anerobic-Digestion-and-Biochar.html?soid=1124199130091&aid=fnA1qNYjg_8

Sunday, 17 September 2017

Feeding Biochar to Cows

IBI EDUCATIONAL WEBINAR SERIES: FEEDING BIOCHAR TO COWS TO IMPROVE SOIL FERTILITY AND FARM PRODUCTIVITY

September 20, 2017 • 5:00 - 6:30 pm ET
Feeding biochar to livestock has been a growing area of interest due to the many potential benefits which have been highlighted by various studies around the world.  This webinar features Doug Pow, a farmer from Western Australia, who has taken the research out of the labs and into the fields.  In one of the longest studies on biochar used as livestock feed, Doug has collaborated with Dr. Stephen Joseph, a long-time biochar researcher as well as a number of other researchers to document the benefits so that other farmers in Australia and around the world can learn from his experiences.
This webinar will discuss how and how much biochar is fed to cattle, the beetles that help to deliver the biochar deeper into the soil profile and the benefits that livestock farmers can derive from feeding biochar to livestock.  Stephen will provide an overview of rumen processes and how biochar interacts with the rumen.  He will discuss previous biochar research involving cows, poultry, pigs and goats including feed lot trials and he will talk about detailed science around development of new 'fit for purpose' biochars for feeding to animals.

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Hugh McLaughlin



Hugh McLaughlin does a great job here explaining to soils folk about biochar links between chemistry and biology. One important take is about water.

Hang on for the next youtube by him... more great viewing on "conditioning, charging and inoculating" biochar (...CCI).





Wednesday, 23 August 2017

The amazing news from Nepal keeps coming...

More stunning stuff from Hans-Peter and the team working in Nepal...
"We recently published a new paper about using field made biochar as nutrient carrier achieving average yield increases of 100% with concentrated root zone application of only 1 t biochar per ha. Demonstrating the new method in 21 field trials with 13 different crops seems quite consistent and we hope to trigger new experiments and farmer adaptations  in what might become a breakthrough in agronomic biochar use. I attach the paper wishing you an inspiring read, 
Yours, Hans-Peter"

BIOCHAR-BASED FERTILIZATION WITH LIQUID NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT: 21 FIELD TRIALS COVERING 13 CROP SPECIES IN NEPAL

Hans-Peter Schmidt 1 * , Bishnu Hari Pandit 2 , Gerard Cornelissen 3,4, Claudia I. Kammann 5
1 Ithaka Institute for Carbon Strategies, Rue de l’Ancienne Eglise 9, CH-1974 Arbaz, Switzerland 
2 Ithaka Institute for Climate Farming (IICF), Ratanpur, 33900 Tanahu, Nepal 
3 Institute for Environmental Sciences (IMV), University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Akershus, As 1432, Norway 
4 Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), 0806 Oslo, Norway 
5 WG Climate Change Research for Special Crops, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Hochschule Geisenheim University, Von-Lade-Str. 1, Geisenheim D-65366, Germany 
Received 27 January 2017; Revised 15 May 2017; Accepted 29 June 2017 

ABSTRACT 

"Biochar produced in cost-efficient flame curtain kilns (Kon-Tiki) was nutrient enriched either with cow urine or with dissolved mineral (NPK) fertilizer to produce biochar-based fertilizers containing between 60–100 kg N, 5–60 kg P2O5 and 60–100 kg K2O, respectively, per ton of biochar. In 21 field trials, nutrient-enriched biochars were applied at rates of 0·5–2 t ha 1 into the root zone of 13 different crops. Treatments combining biochar, compost and organic or chemical fertilizer were evaluated; control treatments contained same amounts of nutrients but without biochar. All nutrient-enriched biochar substrates improved yields compared with their respective nobiochar controls. Biochar enriched with dissolved NPK produced on average 20% ± 5·1% (N = 4 trials) higher yields than standard NPK fertilization without biochar. Cow urine-enriched biochar blended with compost resulted on average in 123% ± 76·7% (N = 13 trials) higher yields compared with the organic farmer practice with cow urine-blended compost and outcompeted NPK-enriched biochar (same nutrient dose) by 103% ± 12·4% (N = 4 trials) respectively. Thus, the results of 21 field trials robustly revealed that low-dosage root zone application of organic biochar-based fertilizers caused substantial yield increases in rather fertile silt loam soils compared with traditional organic fertilization and to mineral NPK or NPK-biochar fertilization. This can be explained by the nutrient carrier effect of biochar, causing a slow nutrient release behaviour, more balanced nutrient fluxes and reduced nutrient losses, especially when liquid organic nutrients are used for the biochar enrichment. The results open up new pathways for optimizing organic farming and improving on-farm nutrient cycling."

Monday, 14 August 2017

Should the palm oil industry focus on energy or regenerative agriculture?

Some biochar related observations by me are published in the comments section.
When the industry does get around to tapping its full biomass resources, lets hope there is attention given to soil, carbon and sustainable (or even regenerative?) agriculture.
EnergyWise

Sustainable Palm Oil … harness the full potential of clean energy to reduce carbon footprint

http://rank.com.my/energywise/?p=762#sthash.EOh8c0hR.dpbs

Palm Oil Sustainability: An Inconvenient Truth

"Of late there has been much reporting in the media questioning the sustainability of Malaysian palm oil production turning it into the whipping boy of Europe and the US. This article analyses the chronological events leading up to this sad state of affairs to examine if the backlash is indeed unfair and if there is a way forward to get past this impasse." ....

Tuesday, 8 August 2017

IBI Webinar - 23 August



International Biochar Initiative - Educational Webinar Series
  Past, Present & Future of IBI & the Biochar Industry
 August 23, 2017 • 1:00- 2:30pm ET
The biochar industry has been gaining momentum around the world over the past few years and IBI's role in the industry has been evolving along with that growth. IBI's Chairman of the Board, Tom Miles and Board Member Kathleen Draper will discuss IBI's history, mission and vision for the biochar industry. IBI's goals, expectations, services and potential projects will also be reviewed along with a discussion on many of the changes happening within the industry including various production technologies, new market opportunities and evolving business models.
This webinar also seeks to survey participants to understand how IBI can best engage and support individual, organizational and business members as well as governments and NGOs.  This webinar also provides an opportunity for members and non-members to provide input, suggestions and concerns directly to the IBI Board.

Cost?
Free to IBI Members or $40 for non-members
To Register:
Registration includes access to the slides and a recording of the webinar.
IBI Members register here (go to the upcoming webinars section). Your event link will be emailed to you after successful confirmation about your membership status.
Non-IBI members register here.
Presenters:
Tom MilesTMiles
Tom is interested in the thermal conversion of biomass for beneficial use. He has expertise in the transformation of ash in wood, straws, stalks, and manures. T. R. Miles, Technical Consultants, Inc., Portland, Oregon, sponsors and hosts internet discussions on biomass energy and biochar. He is on the board of the US Biochar Initiative and a coordinator of the Pacific Northwest Biochar Working Group. He designs systems for biomass processing and handling including densification, carbonization, gasification, power generation, and residue and nutrient management including biochar and composting.


Kathleen DraperKDraper
Kathleen is a member of the IBI Board and Chair of IBI's Information Hub. She is also the US Director of the Ithaka Institute for Carbon Intelligence. The Institute is an open source network focusing on beneficial carbon sequestration strategies which simultaneously provide economic development opportunities both in the developed and developing world. She is an editor and writer for The Biochar Journal, sponsored by the Ithaka Institute. Kathleen also works with various different universities and individuals on projects that are investigating the use of biochar in cement and other building and packaging products to develop products with lower embodied carbon which can be made from locally available organic waste. She has written extensively about various topics related to biochar and is a co-author of the book "Terra Preta: How the World's Most Fertile Soil Can Help Reverse Climate Change and Reduce World Hunger".
For more information:
For more information or if you have any questions about registration please email Vera Medici at vmedici@ttcorp.com.
Want to become an IBI member?  Visit our membership page to help support IBI.

Monday, 7 August 2017

Gasifier lab trials at NUS, Singapore

Co-gasification of woody biomass and chicken manure: syngas production, biochar reutilization, and cost-benefit analysis

Abstract

The management and disposal of livestock manure has become one of the top environmental issues at a global scale in line with the tremendous growth of poultry industry over the past decades. In this work, a potential alternative method for the disposal of chicken manure from Singapore local hen layer farms was studied. Gasification was proposed as the green technology to convert chicken manure into clean energy. Through gasification experiments in a 10 kW fixed bed downdraft gasifier, it was found that chicken manure was indeed a compatible feedstock for gasification in the presence of wood waste. The co-gasification of 30 wt% chicken manure and 70 wt% wood waste produced syngas of comparable quality to that of gasification of pure wood waste, with a syngas lower heating value (LHV) of 5.23 MJ/Nm3 and 4.68 MJ/Nm3, respectively. Furthermore, the capability of the gasification derived biochar in the removal of an emerging contaminant (artificial sweetener such as Acesulfame, Saccharin and Cyclamate) via adsorption was also conducted in the second part of this study. The results showed that the biochar was effective in the removal of the contaminant and the mechanism of adsorption of artificial sweetener by biochar was postulated to be likely via electrostatic interaction as well as specific interaction. Finally, we conducted a cost-benefit analysis for the deployment of a gasification system in a hen layer farm using a Monte Carlo simulation model.

Biochar project funding opportunity - extended deadline


CfP-8 Proposal Preparation Support
the deadline for submission of proposals of CfP-8 has been extended to 31 August 2017.
Please contact us at your convenience if you require guidance and assistance in preparing your project proposal in a a professional way.



CALL-FOR-PROPSALS - CFP-8
EEP Mekong Programme

The Energy and Environment Partnership Programme with the Mekong Region - EEP Mekong, funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, aims to improve access to sustainable energy in the EEP Mekong partner countries Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
This Call-for-Proposals (CfP-8) is aiming at both Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and private sector companies in clean energy to propose projects.  CSO can propose pilot projects on a smaller scale whereas private sector projects should be close to commercial maturity and have potential for scaling-up.
Minimum project value for both applications (CSO and private sector) is Euro 250,000. CSO projects can be funded (grant) of up to 60% of project value.
Private sector projects can receive project grant support of up to Euro 1,000,000 depending on the project size and the level of verifiable self-financing of the project developer.
EEP Mekong is inviting CfP applications in only one step as Full Project Proposals.

To be eligible, projects have to be implemented in one or more of the EEP Mekong partner countries - Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The programme developers have to be registered in one or more of the above partner countries or Finland.
Interested project developers are requested to submit their Project proposal online through the link provided at EEP Mekong website www.eepmekong.orgon or before 31 August 2017, at 16:00 hrs, Vientiane time.
For detailed information about EEP Mekong programme and how to apply for project funding (CfP-8), please visit www.eepmekong.org
or contact
Bernhard Meyhöfer, Programme Manager    bernhard.meyhofer@eepmekong.org
or
Cosme de Arana, Business Development Expert  cosme.arana@eepmekong.org
http://www.eepmekong.org/

Thursday, 20 July 2017

Low-Cost Biochar Application in Tanzania Shows Astounding Increases


http://dailycoffeenews.com/2017/07/18/low-cost-biochar-application-in-tanzania-shows-astounding-increases/

Bana grass project in Philippines mentions biochar

$10-M bio-charcoal facility to be built in Nueva Ecija

Published 
By Robert R. Requintina
Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija – A $10 million bio-charcoal facility will be built here later this year that is expected to be a major source of renewable and sustainable energy, and will provide more employment in the province, according to the MacKay Green Energy, Inc. (MGE).
“It’s European standard. So no emissions,” said MGE Chairman James R. MacKay when asked about the safety of the facility, during ground-breaking ceremonies for the newest plantation in this province recently.
The newly acquired three hectares of land where the new bio-charcoal will be put up is expected to hire more than 1,000 people when completed. “In this facility, you will have charcoal, methane, bio-char, and bio-oil.”
MacKay also said that the energy firm is getting closer to its goal in helping the country become more environment-friendly.
“You don’t have enough biomass in the Philippines. So at some stage, the market will come to a point when it will have to purchase,” MacKay explained.
MGE, he said, has secured the best technologies.
“It has superior qualities to fossil based coal and can be co-fired in existing cola power plants without the need to make drastic changes. It is a key factor for power plants since the Greenhouse Gas Emissions can be directly reduced,” said Mackay.
The whole project will be dedicated to MacKay variety Bana Grass, which is a crop imported by MGE that can be turned into fuel to produce energy.
MacKay said that Bana Grass is a perennial hybrid variety (pennisetum purpureum X pennisetum americanum) which is highly tolerant to drought and typhoons, pest-resistant and is also non-allergic.
http://news.mb.com.ph/2017/07/18/10-m-bio-charcoal-facility-to-be-built-in-nueva-ecija/

FAO Global Soil Partnership Newsletter

Lots of interesting stuff here that overlaps with biochar community interest...



GSP Newsletter 
  July 2017, Issue #12

See the ON LINE VERSION

Global Soil Partnership Newsletter


Wednesday, 19 July 2017

More exciting results from biochar use in Nepal

Biochar-Based Fertilization with Liquid Nutrient Enrichment: 21 Field Trials Covering 13 Crop Species in Nepal

Authors

  • This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Please cite this article as doi: 10.1002/ldr.2761

Abstract

Biochar produced in cost-efficient flame curtain kilns (Kon-Tiki) was nutrient enriched either with cow urine or with dissolved mineral (NPK) fertilizer to produce biochar-based fertilizers containing between 60-100 kg N, 5-60 kg P2O5 and 60-100 kg K2O, respectively, per ton of biochar. In 21 field trials nutrient-enriched biochars were applied at rates of 0.5-2 t ha-1 into the root zone of 13 different crops. Treatments combining biochar, compost and organic or chemical fertilizer were evaluated; control treatments contained same amounts of nutrients but without biochar. All nutrient-enriched biochar substrates improved yields compared to their respective no-biochar controls. Biochar enriched with dissolved NPK produced on average 20% ± 5.1% (N=4 trials) higher yields than standard NPK fertilization without biochar. Cow urine-enriched biochar blended with compost resulted on average in 123% ± 76.7% (N=13 trials) higher yields compared to the organic farmer practice with cow urine-blended compost and outcompeted NPK-enriched biochar (same nutrient dose) by 103% ± 12.4% (N=4 trials), respectively. Thus, the results of 21 field trials robustly revealed that low-dosage root zone application of organic biochar-based fertilizers caused substantial yield increases in rather fertile silt loam soils compared to traditional organic fertilization and to mineral NPK- or NPK-biochar fertilization. This can be explained by the nutrient carrier effect of biochar, causing a slow nutrient release behavior, more balanced nutrient fluxes, and reduced nutrient losses, especially when liquid organic nutrients are used for the biochar enrichment. The results open up new pathways for optimizing organic farming and improving on-farm nutrient cycling.